YZXStudio USB meter ZY1270

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Official specifications:
I got it from ebay dealer dz-stuido.

YZXStudio makes a series of usb meters with nearly identical specifications, there is also frequent software update with significant improvements. It is possible to install update, but it requires special tools and access to the updated software.

yzxCompare

This table compares some of the YZXStudio usb meters.



How does it look

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I got it in a small metal box with a Chinese (I assume) manual, because the user interface is basically the same as all other YZXStudio meters I did not have any problems using it.

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Notice the small button, it is used for all the functions. There is also a micro usb input connector.

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The top usb connector has local auto coding, i.e. when using this the power coding on the power supply is ignored.
The bottom usb connector has data connection from the input connector, any usb voltage shown on the display is for this connector and the usb input connectors.

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Welcome screen, it is shown when power is applied (it can be disabled).

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The first screen, it shows V, A, Ah and Wh, the "0" is selected memory bank.
It do also have space for the MCU temperature.

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Next screen shows W and ohm, instead of Ah and Wh.

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This screen is used to calculate cable resistance, to use it a constant current load is required.
First do a measure without the cable, hold down the button to set the reference. Then add the cable between the usb power source and the usb meter. The display will show the resistance.

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This screen shows usb coding and voltage. The time has been moved to this screen. It also shows the trickle current threshold, only current above this value is summed (Value is configurable). The temperature is the internal MCU temperature.
Note: Sometimes the display will show two usb codings, because it cannot determine which one is valid.

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A chart of current and voltage, sample rate can be configured.

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In the configuration it is possible to select between a couple of predefined color palettes.

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This usb meter can have a build in bluetooth transmitter, this makes it possible to record logfile on a smartphone.
I would have prefered more values in the log, most important time, but also Ah, W and Wh would be nice.

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These usb meters are very easy to open, there is only 8 screws to remove.

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The TFT display with a frame that contains the background light.

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The bluetooth module. This adapter can be bought with or without it mounted. There is also some very small pogo pins.

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I am guessing a bit with these chips: SE8533 is a 3.3 volt regulator, SE8550 is a 5 volt regulator, CBKW is a 18 bit ADC with build in amplifier, FM24CL is the FRAM memory. DALE R012F is the series resistor that is used to measure current over. 32F030F4P6 is the microprocessor. 2635 could be a usb auto coding chip.



Measurements

voltage

The voltage display is fairly precise with no current flowing (Both voltage and current can be calibrated by the user, I have not changed the calibration).

current

The current display is also fairly precise and will not change with voltage.


Temp3009

M1: 35,5C, HS1: 41,2C
The above IR photo was taken after 30minutes with 3A, during that time the voltage readout changed 0.2% and current readout 0.1%

I have played a bit with the cable resistance function, it uses ohms law and is as precise as possible. How precise that is depends on how stable the voltage is, how stable the current is and how stable the connection resistance is. With my lap grade equipment I can get within a few mOhm (1/1000 ohm), for that test I did not even change usb connection (That alone can be 30mOhm). With more normal equipment I would not expect better than 30-100mOhm. Even with that tolerance it is very useful to get rid of bad (High resistance) usb cables.



Conclusion

This is a very precise usb meter with many interesting functions. With both good precision and external logging in can be used for testing usb equipment.
The larger and always on display (even with bluetooth enabled) makes it easier to read. The auto coding output can be used as a quick fix when power supply and device do not match, but getting another power supply is a much better solution.



Notes

For these USB meters I used precise equipment (Keithley: DMM7510, 2280S, 2460).

How do I make the test