YZXStudio USB meter ZY1273

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Official specifications:
I got it from ebay dealer: flyxy2015

YZXStudio makes a series of usb meters with nearly identical specifications, there is also frequent software update with significant improvements. It is possible to install update, but it requires special tools and access to the updated software.
This version has USB 3 and USB Type-C connectors.

yzxCompare

This table compares some of the YZXStudio usb meters.



How does it look

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I got it in a small metal box with a Chinese (I assume) manual, because the user interface is basically the same as all other YZXStudio meters I did not have any problems using it.

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Notice the small button, it is used for all the functions.

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On this side there is a usb type-c connector for power input (Only one of the inputs can be used at a time).

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Welcome screen, it is shown when power is applied (it can be disabled).

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The first screen, it shows V, A, Ah and Wh, the "0" is selected memory bank.
It do also have space for the MCU temperature.

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Next screen shows W and ohm, instead of Ah and Wh.

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On this screen Ah and Wh is with large fonts.

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This screen shows usb coding, voltage, current and time. It also shows the trickle current threshold, only current above this value is summed (Value is configurable).
Note: Sometimes the display will show two usb codings, because it cannot determine which one is valid.

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This screen is used to calculate cable resistance, to use it a constant current load is required.
First do a measure without the cable, hold down the button to set the reference. Then add the cable between the usb power source and the usb meter. The display will show the resistance.

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A chart of current and voltage, sample rate can be configured.

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First page of configuration screen.

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These usb meters are very easy to open, there is only 8 screws to remove.

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The circuit is fairly simple, it has a microprocessor (32F030F4P6), a FRAM (FM24CL168G), two high resolution adc converters (CAT5), a voltage regulator and the current sense resistor (DALE R012). The microprocessor has an external 12MHz crystal, this makes timekeeping precise.

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Measurements

Voltage

The voltage display is fairly precise with no current flowing (Both voltage and current can be calibrated by the user, I have not changed the calibration).

Current

The current display is also fairly precise and will not change with voltage, except a little bit at very low voltage.


Temp3986

M1: 35,0C, HS1: 40,8

The above IR photo was taken after 30minutes with 3.5A, during that time the readouts changed very little.

I have not played with the cable resistance function but I expect it to work just as well as the ZY1270



Conclusion

This is a very precise usb meter with many interesting functions. It has good precision.
It is possible to equip the meter with Bluetooth module, this can be used to log data.



Notes

For these USB meters I used precise equipment (Keithley: DMM7510, 2280S, Keysight: 34470A).

How do I make the test