RD Electronic USB load HD35

DSC_2616

Official specifications: I got it from Aliexpress dealer: RD official store

DSC_2571 DSC_2573

DSC_2572

DSC_2574

I got it in the usual Styrofoam box (That is RD's standard packing) together with some other stuff, inside the box it was in a transparent plastic box.

DSC_2621

At one end is the 3 buttons (One below the circuit board), the current adjustment, the display and 3 leds for fast charge protocol.

DSC_2624

At the other end is the 3 usb connectors (Micro, A and C), between is the heatsink and fan.

DSC_2617

I will take a closer look at the circuit further down.

DSC_2619

DSC_2620 DSC_2623

DSC_2622

DSC_2625


DSC_2675

Display with current, the value will flash when load is off.
Load can be configured to automatic turn on when power is applied.

DSC_2676

Power.

DSC_2677

Voltage.

DSC_2678

Over Power Protection, this will show when calculated power is above 25W, the load will not not turn on.
In can be configured to automatic turn on when load is 25W or lower.

DSC_2679

Over Voltage Protection, this happens between 25V and 30V

DSC_2680

Auto trigger mode, it will scan for the supported protocols.

DSC_2681

Here it shows QC3.0 and QC2.0 is found on the leds.

DSC_2683

Here QC2.0 12V is selected, the minus sign shows it is a Quick Charge. When a fast charge trigger is active that led will flash, I took the picture when it was on.
The user interface for testing and activating the triggers is not the best, but it works.



Load testing

Current Voltage

Both current and voltage readout has good precision, but at 5A it is slightly outside specifications.

Electronic%20load%20RD%20HD35

Due to the power limit of 35W it is not possible to test with high current and high voltage, here I had enabled automatic recovery, i.e. load would turn on when the voltage was low enough. On many of the high current traces the fan was running when I started at the high voltage, but would stop when the load had cooled down.

Electronic%20load%20RD%20HD35%20min.

Here is a trace with adjustment in minimum position and low current traces. The load has an offset of some mA at these low currents.
The fan started shortly in the 0.1A trace and it uses more than 0.1A

Electronic%20load%20RD%20HD35%20load%20test

I tried two 1 hour test, one at maximum voltage (I used 24.9V and 1.4A) and one at maximum current (I used 6.9V and 5A).

Temp6025

M1: 43.1C, M2: 47.3C, HS1: 56.1C

First set of thermo photos is from 24.9V 1.4A test

Temp6026

M1: 62.2C, HS1: 68.8C

Temp6027

M1: 83.9C, HS1: 97.6C
Both transistor and regulator warms up with high input voltage.

Temp6022

M1: 55.6C, HS1: 60.2C
Next set of thermo photos is from 6.9V 5A test

Temp6023

HS1: 68.5C

Temp6024

M1: 101.9C, M2: 67.1C, HS1: 108.4C
With lower input voltage the transistor must handle all the power and gets a bit warmer, the shunt resistor do also get warm at 5A



A look at the circuit

DSC_2618


The transistor (TIP122) is the load element, it uses a resistor (R6: 0.025ohm) to sense the current. The fan is a 5V version and has its own regulator (LM317), at high input voltage it must handle some power. Turning the fan on/off is handled by a small transistor (Q2), the temperature sensor is very close to the TIP122 transistor and is a NTC (RT1) that is connected to the MPU.
The electronic has its own voltage regulators (U6: M5350B 5V, U0:5333B 3.3V). The control of the load current is done with some OpAmps (U2: Marked 324 / MZF5827). The brain in the circuit is a 8051 microprocessor (U1: N76E003AT20 18KB Flash, 1k RAM, 12 bit ADC). For the display a special controller IC (TM1650) is used.

Why 4 OpAmp, a load only needs one OpAmp. A look at the circuit shows some filters connected to the MPU on U7. One filter is R11, R12, C8 and C9, the other filter is R15, R16, C14 and C15.

0.5A

Filter input from microprocessor at 0.5A

2A

Filter input from microprocessor at 2A

CurrentPWM

The above PWM frequency is 1kHz, is there any trace of it on the output? To test that I used my current clamp to check the load current, there is nothing in the output that look to follow the PWM (Blue trace).



Conclusion

The load works fine and with the multiturn adjustment and display it is easy to adjust. It has no problems handle the rated 35W power. It is not for low loads, the display and adjustment do not have resolution for it and it also need some minimum current to work.
It is a interesting design choice that the analog current setting is sampled by the microprocessor and then output as two PWM channels that is filtered and mixed, before being feed to the load regulation.
The fast charge trigger works fine and can current settings can be saved, this makes it ideal for testing multiple power supplies. I could have wished for a bit better user interface.
With USB-C I am missing the ability to turn outputs on (It is just a resistor), this will limit its usefulness for USB-C.




Notes

When I saved power on fast charge trigger, I could not disable the "fast charge" part again. It is not a real issue, because it is possible to update the saved trigger and for chargers without fast charge it will just work without.

The load was supplied by Rui Deng (RD) for review.

The company also has a 25W load, main difference is the fan.