Charger Efest LUC S2

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Efest is know for chargers and LiIon batteries, especially IMR where they have many sizes. This is a new model charger with a special design, that makes it look different from other chargers. The charger can charge two batteries up to 26650 in size and has 3 currents (0.5A, 1A and 2A) and usb output.

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The charger arrive in a brown cardboard box.

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The box contained: Charger and mains power supply.

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On the side of the charger is the DC input, usb output and a single button to select charge current.
The charger starts with 0.5A selected and each press on the button will change the value: 1A -> 2A -> 0.5A

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The front of the charger has a display show selected current, battery voltage and status (i.e. charging or not).
When charging or usb output is active the two arrows are animated.

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Charging.

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Usb output.

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The slider construction is working very smooth in this charger.
The slider can work with batteries between 30 mm and 69.4 mm. This prevents it from charging the longest protected 18650 batteries and some protected 26650 batteries.

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The charger has a list of supported battery sizes, but it is not very readable.

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The charger can handle 69.3 mm long batteries including flat top cells.



Measurements charger


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First test is a Panasonic 18650 with 3100mAh capacity. The charger uses a CC/CV curve with 100mA termination. It looks like it is a simulated CC/CV, i.e. it is not using a constant voltage, but simply reducing the current when voltage gets near to 4.2 volt.
The step in the curve slows the charge down a bit, but that is all it does.

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Second channels works the same way.

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The 3400mAh cell works exactly the same way.

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The 0.5A charge works fine, but I wonder why it termiated at a slightly lower voltage than above.
The termination current is about 100mA, I would have liked it lower.

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Again the current has a significantly drop and the charge is finished at a lower current level. This will make the charge a bit slower, but does not affect the batteries.

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The charger can handle my old IMR cell even at 2A, but the curve looks a bit funny. The reason is the rather high restart voltage and the old cell. The cell has a considerable voltage drop when charging is finished and this makes the charger restart, until the cell is stays above 4.15 volt when charge is terminated.

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The same happens at 0.5A.

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Charging cells, that is not worn down, works without any strange termination problems.

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There is no problem charging two cells at once with 1A. The temperature trace is from the coolest cell (See IR phot).

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Charger needs about 1A for 1A charging.

Temp1164

M1: 38,4C, M2: 30,3C, M3: 32,1C, M4: 53,4C, HS1: 57,4C
IR photo is for 1A chargign. With the electronic at one side, it will only heat one battery.

Temp1162

M1: 37,6C, M2: 30,7C, M3: 50,9C, M4: 43,3C, HS1: 57,2C

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There is no problem charging two cells at once with 2A. The temperature trace is from the coolest cell (See IR phot).

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Charger needs about 1.8A for 2A charging.

Temp1186

M1: 49,1C, M2: 38,7C, M3: 78,0C, M4: 40,7C, HS1: 83,0C

With 2A charging the charger and batteries get hotter.

Temp1187

M1: 49,9C, M2: 38,5C, M3: 72,6C, M4: 56,7C, HS1: 83,0C

Startup

The charger uses a slowly ramping current when starting charging.

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This slow ramp is also used when changing charge current.



Measurements USB output


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The load sweep shows that it can deliver 1A, before the voltage drops and at 1.3A the output is turned off. This is a good design.

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At 0.5A output it has a stable voltage for more than 2.5 hours with 3100mAh batteries.

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2600mAh means a bit shorter runtime, but due to the higher voltage not very much shorter.

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3400mAh gives longer runtime.

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Increasing the current to 1A does not work very well, it has problems keeping the voltage up and the efficiency is down to 70%.

5ohm

At 1A the noise is 25mV rms and 155mVpp.

10ohm

At 0.5A the noise is 12mV rms and 80mVpp.


Testing with 2500 volt and 5000 volt between mains and low volt side, did not show any safety problems.



Conclusion

It is nice to see a charger that tries a different design and also works fine when charging. With the 3 charge current it supports a wide range of battery sizes and fairly fast charging (The charge current could be optimized, to make it a bit faster). I would have liked a cooler battery when charging at 2A, but for a compact charger without any fan it is difficult to do.
The usb output is fine for 0.5A, but could be better at 1A.

The final verdict must be that it is a good LiIon charger.



Notes

The charger was supplied by Efest for a review.

Here is an explanation on how I did the above charge curves: How do I test a charger

Read more about how I test USB power supplies and chargers