2S 1.8A LiIon charger Enerpower FY090200

DSC_9834

Official specifications:
This charger is for battery packs with 2S2P (2 in series 2 in parallel) or 2S3P or more parallel LiIon cells. The battery pack is supposed to contains its own protection and balancing.

DSC_9830

I got the charger in a simple cardboard box.

DSC_9831

A manual was included.

DSC_9833

DSC_9838 DSC_9839 DSC_9835

DSC_9837

The led shows red when battery pack is full, green at all other times when the charger is connected to power.
A short will make it flash red.



Measurements

Testing with 4 cells means a 2S2P pack.

Enerpower%20FY090200%20(4xPA18650-31)

The charge curve is a CC/CV, but the charger never stops, it just reports battery full (Green led) and continues to charge (The voltage will be limited to a safe level).

Enerpower%20FY090200%20(4xPA18650-31)%20Efficiency

Same curve as above, I have just replaced capacity with efficiency, it is at about 80% during charge.

Enerpower%20FY090200%20load%20sweep

In the above curve I simulated a battery voltage from over discharge to fully charged. With serious over discharged batteries the charger will start with a low current, during normal charge the current is constant.

During a charge I took IR photos at regular intervals of the hottest part of the charger:

Temp1939

M1: 48,4C, M2: 48,7C, M3: 38,1C, HS1: 49,0C
Nothing is getting really warm. M1 is the transformer.

Temp1940

M1: 42,0C, M2: 34,6C, M3: 40,8C, HS1: 48,6C
HS1 is the switcher transistor with its heatsink.

Temp1941

M1: 40,0C, M2: 41,8C, HS1: 73,4C
But there is one part in the charger that gets hot, this is the rectifier diodes.

Temp1942

M1: 45,9C, M2: 44,1C, HS1: 60,3C


Startup

The charger starts fast and charges with a steady current.


Tear down

DSC_0042 DSC_0044

As usual the charger could be opened by putting some pressure on it. The mains connection is not made by the often seen wires, but instead by a safer fixed connection.

DSC_0045

On the input side there is a fuse and a bridge rectifier (4 diodes) followed by a capacitor. There is space for an inductor on the circuit board, but it has been replaced with a resistor.
On the output side there are two diodes, a current controller IC and the optical feedback.

DSC_0047

Here the safety capacitor and one of the output diodes can be seen.

DSC_0049 DSC_0051

The fat resistor close to the current controller IC is the current measurement resistor.

DSC_0050

The mains switcher transistor with its heatsink is very visible here. Also notice that the low volt wires from the transformer comes out on top. This is sometimes done to improve isolation.

DSC_0046

There is a lot of parts on the back, including the mains switcher IC. Notice R9, R11 and R12 (Each 2.7ohm), they are in parallel and there is traces to the mains switch IC from both sides, they are probably used for current limiting.

DSC_0056

DSC_0053

There is 6 mm space between high volt side and low volt side on the circuit board.



Testing with 2500 volt and 5000 volt between mains and low volt side, did not show any safety problems.



Conclusion


This type of charger is not nearly as advanced as single cell chargers. With only two wires to the battery pack it is impossible to do any balancing.
The charger has a few issues: It will slowly discharge the battery without mains connected (Will drain the battery in a few weeks) and it never turns the charge current off.

I will give this charger an acceptable rating.



Notes

The charger was supplied from Enerpower for review.

According to Enerpower they got a small batch with the wrong connector.

Here is an explanation on how I did the above charge curves: How do I test a charger