Charger Opus BT-C900

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This is the first analyzer for 9V batteries I have seen, it has the usual function from Opus analyzers.

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I got the charger in a plain white cardboard box, probably because the real box was not ready yet.

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The box contains the charger, a power supply and a manual.

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The charger has a barrel connector for 12V power input.

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As all analyzing charger it has a display and a couple of buttons. During my test I broke one of the buttons, because I pressed to hard. Removing the plastic allowed me to press the button on the circuit board (See IR photos).

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Self-test during powerup shows all the text on the display. This display is the inverse of the usual lcd displays, the background is black and it is the text that lights up.

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When working the display looks like this, the DISPLAY button can be used to select what to show (v/h/mA/mAh).
The SLOT button is used to select a single slot, before using the MODE button.
The MODE button is used to select mode for one or for all slots, it is also possible to change mode later on.
The CURRENT button will step between the possible currents.

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It is easy to insert remove batteries, with this construction of the charger and it does also provide mechanical polarity protection.

supportedBatteryTypes supportedBatterySizes

The charger can charger LiIon based 9 volt batteries, but it depends on the safety circuit in the battery to stop the charging. With 8 cell NiMh the charger cannot maintain full charge current.



Measurements


Charge

The charge mode can select between 50, 75, 100, 150 and 200, default is 75mA.

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A nice charge curve with -dv/dt termination.
Display shows 238mAh in 5:03

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Same with 75mA charge current (It generally looks like the charge current is slightly lower than selected).
Display shows 247mA, 241mA, 234mA and 240mA in 3:25, 3:20, 3:14 and 3:19

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With full charge current the charger reduces the current when the battery is nearly full, but termination is still fine.
Display shows 217mAh in 1:07

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Detecting a full cell is rather slow.

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This battery is a 8 cell battery, this means it need about 1.4 volt more when charging.
The charger has problems maintaining the current, it gets the cell charged, but maybe it terminates a bit early.
The mAh looks to be rather optimistic.
Display shows 257mAh in 4:07

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9V batteries does also exist in LiIon versions, the charger can charge them. It do not have any termination, but depends on the over voltage protection in the battery (The red curve jump to 12V when the termination trips).
Display shows 603mAh in 3:02

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With 200mA the charger has again problems maintaining full current, but terminates correctly. The mAh looks a bit too high.
Display shows 232mA, 241mA, 247mA and 232mA in 1:13, 1:16, 1:12 and 1:12

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The charger uses about 1A from the power supply when charging at maximum power.

Temp2041

M1: 47,0C, M2: 49,9C, M3: 45,0C, M4: 42,4C, M5: 52,6C, M6: 33,1C, HS1: 55,9C
When charging at 200mA it gets fairly warm.

Poweron

The charger is fairly slow to start when power is applied, first it has to run the self test and then wait for any mode and current changes.

Charge75mA

The charger uses pwm to regulate the charge current.

Charge200mA

Here it is at maximum current.



Discharge

The discharge mode can select between 50, 75, 100, 150 and 200, default is 75mA (This is exactly the same as charge mode).

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A slow discharge. The discharge stops about 5.5 volt, that is around 0.8 volt for each cell with 7 cell battery.
Display shows 186mAh in 3:55

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All channels looks about the same.
Display shows: 204mAh, 194mAh, 193mAh and 189mAh in 2:48, 2:40, 2:29 and 2:37

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Discharge at maximum current.
Display shows 196mAh in 1:00

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For the LiIon cell the discharge stops at 6.4 volt, that is 3.2 volt for each cell, this might be due to the protection in the cell.
Display shows 608mAh in 3:04

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Doing a 200mA discharge do not sound as much, but with four 9V batteries it is a significant amount of power and the charger gets fairly warm.
Display shows: 197mAh, 209mAh, 206mAh and 209mAh in 1:01, 1:04, 1:03 and 1:04

Temp2031

M1: 45,2C, M2: 50,5C, M3: 49,6C, M4: 47,0C, M5: 71,2C, HS1: 84,7C
The charger gets rather warm when discharging four cells at full current. It is probably best not to run all channels at 200mA discharge.

Discharge75mA

Discharge is also done with pwm.

Discharge200mA

Here I am running at maximum discharge current.



Charge Refresh

This function will do a couple of charges and discharges.

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Display shows 191mAh in 3:16



Charge Test

This function will charge the battery, discharge the battery and then charge it again. The display will show the discharge capacity and time.

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Looks like two nice charge curves with the discharge between.
Display shows 202mAh in 3:03



Quick test

This function measures the internal resistance of the battery, this is an indication of how well the battery performs (Lower value is better).

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ri2

First line shows the reading when I just put the battery in the charger.
The second line shows the reading when connected to my test equipment, but without extra resistance.
+10, +40 and +100 means I have added that much resistance (Tolerance is only a few mOhm), the result is supposed to show these values.
All tests are done with the same battery.

The resistance looks to be fairly consistent, but it is best to measure a couple of times

QuickTest

The resistance is measured about 6 seconds after a battery is detected with a single discharge pulse.


Testing the mains transformer with 2500 volt and 5000 volt between mains and low volt side, did not show any safety problems.



Conclusion

A far as I know this is the first analyzer for 9V batteries. The functionality is about the same as other analyzers.

I works well with the common 7 cell type of 9V rechargeable batteries and can be used for the 8 cell type, but with reduced precision.
It can also be used for LiIon 9V batteries, but is not very well adapted for charging them.

I would have liked a more robust design of the buttons, but except for that it is good.



Notes

The charger was supplied by Opus for a review.

My temperature sensor is designed for round batteries and do not make very good contact on these batteries, i.e. the readings are way too low.

Here is an explanation on how I did the above charge curves: How do I test a charger