Review Charger Xtar X4

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A four slot LiIon and NiMH charge with automatic current selection and both mains and USB power input.

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The charger was in a cardboard with specifications on it.

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The box included the charger, a USB cable and a instruction sheet.

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Xtar included two of their batteries, but with only one of each I will not test them.

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The charger has input for both USB power and mains power and output for a power bank function.

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There is a single button on the charger, it can be used to turn backlight on or restore backlight to full power.
It will also switch the display between the slots, this is only required when charging more than two batteries.

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During power on all segments will be shown.

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No batteries in the charger.

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Two LiIon in slot #1 and #2, charge current is 1A for both, this is the case with either USB or mains power.

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Two LiIon in slot #1 and #4, charge current is 1A for both, because charge is USB powered.

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Two LiIon in slot #1 and #4, charge current is 2A for both when charger is mains powered.

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Two NiMH in slot #1 and #3, charge current is 0.5A for both.

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USB output is on.

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The charger has specifications on the back, with black text on black background.

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The connection are the common slider style that can handle from 31mm to 72.3mm, this means all batteries except protected 20700 will fit.

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The charge current is on the high side for 10440 batteries.



Measurements charger


Charging LiIon

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A nice CC/CV charge curve with termination around 100mA. The char current is 2A in this slot.
Display shows 2993mAh

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Display shows 2870mAh

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Display shows 3024mAh

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The charger curve in the other slots are similar, it looks like slot #2 has lower termination current than the other slots.
Slot #2 and #3 is 1A charge current, #4 is 2A charge current.
Display shows 3041mAh

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Display shows 2651mAh

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Display shows 2432mAh

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The different batteries is handled nicely in the charger.
Display shows 1886mAh

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A shorter battery forces the slot into 0.5A charge mode.
Display shows 944mAh

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Display shows 2432mAh

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A larger battery with low internal resistance is charged fairly fast at 2A.
Display shows 2900mAh

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Charging four batteries with USB power reduces the charger rate to 0.5A
Display shows 2938mAh, 3296mAh, 2995mAh, 3185mAh

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Using mains power the charger will charge with 1A.
Display shows 2979mAh. 3091mAh, 3098mAh, 2912mAh

Temp7476

M1: 36.9C, M2: 39.3C, M3: 39.6C, M4: 36.0C, M5: 41.6C, HS1: 46.0C

Temp7477

M1: 42.5C, HS1: 49.8C

PoweronLiIon

The charger needs about 6 seconds to turn on.

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The charger will discharge a full LiIon battery with about 0.5mA.

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Except the USB slot where it will discharge with about 16mA (55mA while display is at full brightness).
It do turn the current draw off when the battery is empty, i.e. it will not over discharge batteries.

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The charger will not work with a unstable voltage.



Charging NiMH

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The charger uses a 10 minute precharge, before turning the full charge current on. The charger uses -dv/dt termination here and a two hour top-off charge at a fairly low current of about 50mA.
Display shows 1919mAh

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Display shows 2004mAh

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Display shows 1948mAh

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The other slots are similar.
Display shows 1880mAh

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Display shows 2395mAh

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Display shows 2462mAh

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The 3 high capacity cells are also handled the same way.
Display shows 2606mAh

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The AAA is charge with the same current as the AA cells.

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Detecting a full cell takes about 20 minutes, half of it used on the precharge. This cell also gets the two hours top-off charge.
Display shows 144mAh

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Four cells is handled with the same speed.
Display shows 1953mAh, 1989mAh, 2022mAh, 1849mAh

Temp7482

M1: 36.6C, M2: 37.8C, M3: 38.0C, M4: 36.0C, M5: 35.7C, HS1: 40.5C

Temp7483

HS1: 49.0C

PoweronNiMH

The charger uses the same time as for LiIon, before it starts on the precharge.

PoweronNiMH2

Including the precharge the startup time is 10 minutes.

TopOffCharge

Top-off charge 1s at 1A every 20s or an average of 50mA.

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The charger handled unstable voltage considerable better with NiMH cells.



USB output
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The USB output can easily deliver the rated 1A.

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It maintains the output voltage until the battery is empty with a 0.5A load.

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And also with a 1A load.

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When unloaded there is some noise on the output, it is 51mVrms and 220mVpp

10ohm

Loaded with 10ohm (about 0.5A) is about the same 49mVrms and 225mVpp when

5ohm

At it increases slightly with a 5 ohm load (About 1A) to 62mVrms and 262mVpp.


Testing with 2830 volt and 4242 volt between mains and low volt side, did not show any safety problems.



Conclusion

The charger worked fine for all my test batteries, current will depend on length of battery, battery chemistry, power source slot and number of slots used.
The power bank function only use one battery and has a good boost converter, i.e. it can deliver rated current until the battery is empty.

I will rate it as a good charge and power bank.



Notes

The charger was supplied by a Xtar for review.

Here is an explanation on how I did the above charge curves: How do I test a charger